George Powe timeline

 

August 11, 1926

 

1929 to 1939

 

 

1931

 

1932 to 1935

 

1935 to 1942

 

1937

 

 

1939

 

 

1940

 

 

1941 to 1945

 

 

May 8, 1945

 

September 2, 1945

 

1942 to 1944

 

June 15, 1944

 

July 28, 1944

 

November 12, 1944

 

 

 

December, 1944

 

 

December, 1945

 

March 17, 1946

 

May 22, 1946

 

December 31, 1946

 

June 29, 1947

 

 

March 27, 1948

 

May 3, 1948

 

May 7, 1949

 

May 24, 1948

 

June 22, 1948

 

August 22, 1948

 

September 1948

 

October 2, 1948

 

October 11, 1948

 

November 30 1948 to September 30, 1949

 

November 30, 1948 to September 30, 1949

 

December 2, 1948

 

August 4 to 8, 1949

 

September 13, 1949

 

October 3, 1949 to December 30, 1949

 

December 3, 1949

 

January 2, 1950 to April 22, 1950

 

January 10, 1950

 

April 24, 1950

 

June 22, 1950 to November 1950

 

June, 1950

 

c1950 onward

 

 

 

February 12, 1951 to February 15, 1952

 

February 18, 1952 to October 9, 1953

 

June, 1950

 

February 26, 1953

 

by 1953

 

October 12, 1953 to April 29, 1960

 

1956 to 1959

 

 

 

1950 to 1953

 

 

1953 to 1955

 

 

December 1957

 

May 11, 1958

 

 

August 1958

 

 

October 1959

 

1958

 

 

May 2, 1960 to August 25, 1967

 

August 6, 1966

 

1963 to 1966

 

 

1963

 

c 1966

 

1967

 

 

1967 to 1969

 

April 20, 1968

 

May 19, 1969 to September 1, 1969

 

September 1969 to July 1972

 

1970

 

1970

 

1970 to 2011

 

1971 to 1982

 

 

September 1972 to April 1982

 

1972

 

 

1971 onward

 

 

 

January 1, 1973

 

c1973 to 2013

 

1977

 

1978

 

 

1981

 

April 3, 1982

 

Apr-82

 

May-82

 

Summer 1982

 

September 1988

 

1989 to 1992

 

 

1989

 

April 22, 1993

 

2007 

 

2011 to 2013

 

 

May 25, 2012

 

 

2013

 

 

September 9, 2013

 

Sep13

 

 

September 24, 2013

 

 

November 4, 2013

 

2015

 

November 2017

 

2018

 

July 19, 2018

 

 

October 18

 

 

September 14, 2019

 

 

June 22, 2021

 

 

 

June 22, 2022

 

July 2, 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 21

 

August 11, 2022

 

 

September 4, 2022

 

 

July 20, 2023

Born at 26 North Street, Kingston, Jamaica

 

Great Depression:  poverty and unemployment rife, wages low, housing and living conditions dire

 

Father, Richard Pow (Pow Un Chun) dies

 

Attended Chinese School, Kingston

 

Attended St Annes Elementary School, Kingston

 

Strikes and protests over starvation wages, poor working conditions and property rights

 

Outbreak of World War II:  food shortages prevailed, black-out regulations applied

 

Recruitment of Commonwealth people into the British Armed Forces begins

 

The Battle of the Caribbean:  German U-boats and Italian submarines disrupted and sank ships

 

World War II:  victory in Europe

 

World War II:  victory over Japan

 

Attended Kingston Technical High School

 

Volunteered in Kingston to join the RAF

 

Enlisted in Kingston

 

Disembarked in Greenock, Inverclyde, near Glasgow, with approximately 1000 other volunteers; transported to Humnamby Moor, Filey, Yorkshire, for basic training

 

Designated Aircraftsman 2, sent to UNIT 9R radio station at RAF Yatesbury, Wiltshire, for radar training

 

Designated Aircraftsman 1

 

Joined 78 Wing in Ashburton, Devon

 

Joined 75 Wing also in Ashburton

 

Designated Leading Aircraftsman

 

Released from RAF Section 5 (2) and transferred to Southern Signals Base HQ

 

Recalled to RAF Filton, near Bristol

 

Sent to RAF Burtonwood, Cheshire

 

Embarked from Liverpool

 

Disembarked at Kingston on the day that 'HMT Empire Windrush' left

 

Arrival of 'HMT Windrush', Tilbury Docks, East London

 

Demobilised from the RAF in Kingston

 

Embarked on the S.S. Orbita as a civilian, sailing from Kingston

 

Disembarked at Liverpool

 

Based at Fern Lea, 123 Quarry Street, Woolton, Liverpool

 

Moved to 185 Bristol Road, Birmingham 5

 

 

Worked as an electrician's mate at Bellis & Morcom, Birmingham 16

 

 

Moved to Causeway Green Hostel for ex-servicemen

 

Violent incidents broke out between Polish and Jamaican residents

 

Married Barbara Poole in Oldbury, Worcestershire

 

Employed as a fitter for Gowshall Ltd, in Oldbury

 

 

First child, Terence, born

 

Employed as a tester for Beech Hill & Co. Ltd. in West Bromwich

 

 

Moved to 88 Jubilee Street, West Bromwich

 

Moved to 46 Bennett Street, Long Eaton

 

Worked as a machine operator for Elson & Robbins in Long Eaton

 

 

Second child, Malcolm, born

 

A founder member/associate of a number of local organisations devoted to combatting racism and discrimination; also a member of left-wing political organisations and trade unions

 

Worked as an electrician for British Celanese in Spondon, Derbyshire

 

 

Worked as an electrician for C.W.S. Engineers in Nottingham

 

 

Third child, Daphne, born

 

Terence aged four, died in an accident, drowning in a local canal

 

Moved to Portland Road, Sawley, Derbyshire

 

Worked as an electrician at the Central Ordnance Depot, Chilwell, Nottinghamshire

 

Initiated a campaign to make the Raleigh Cycle Company reverse its policy of not employing black people; a boycott halting the export of Raleigh cycles to Jamaica was a large factor in its success

 

Studied Youth Leadership and Industrial Psychology at Workers Education Association evening classes

 

Studied English, Mathematics, Engineering Drawing, and Engineering Science in East Midlands Educational Union evening classes

 

Fourth child, Desmond, born

 

Labour MP Fenner Brockway's London house daubed with swastikas and 'Keep Britain White' slogans

 

Week-long riots in the St Anns area of Nottingham, with violent clashes between black and white people

 

Fifth child, born

 

Published a seminal pamphlet, Don’t Blame the Blacks on behalf of the Afro-Asian West Indian Union

 

Worked as an electrician at Brush Co. Ltd., Loughborough, Leicestershire

 

Jamaica achieves independence

 

Served as Labour Councillor in Sawley Ward for Long Eaton District Council

 

Met Jill Westby through Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

 

Mother, Leonora, died

 

Initiated a one-off sit-in in a pub, the Mechanics Arms, in St. Anns, which practiced racial segregation

 

Studied at Fircroft College, in Selly Oak, Birmingham, gaining GCEs

 

Enoch Powell 'Rivers of Blood' Speech

 

Worked as an electrician at Central Electrical Generating Board at Spondon, Derbyshire

 

Trained as a mathematics teacher at Nottingham Trent Polytechnic (now Nottingham Trent University)

 

Separated from Barbara

 

Acquired British citizenship

 

Summer holidays camping in Europe

 

Lived with friends in a shared house, in part of St. Anns, Nottingham, now designated as Mapperley

 

Taught mathematics at Robert Mellors Secondary School, Arnold, Nottinghamshire (now Arnold Academy)

 

Campaigned against low wages and poor conditions in a textile company employing Pakistani people

 

Helped people to successfully apply for visas, secure their right to remain, to apply for passports or British citizenship, as well as assisting with housing, financial, social and educational matters

 

The 1971 Immigration Act

 

Made annual solo visits, usually in winter, to Jamaica

 

George and Barbara divorced

 

Established the Afro-Caribbean National Artistic Centre in St. Anns, Nottingham

 

Visited Jamaica with Jill during Easter holidays

 

George and Jill married

 

George took early retirement from teaching

 

George and Jill moved into a house in Mapperley

 

Second Jamaican visit, for five weeks, in the summer holidays 

 

Hurricane Gilbert strikes Jamaica and the Caribbean

 

Served as Labour Councillor in Manvers Ward for the Nottinghamshire County Council

 

Third Jamaican visit with Jill - Christmas and New Year

 

Stephen Lawrence murdered in Plumstead, southeast London 

 

Changed surname by Deed Poll from 'Pow' to 'Powe'

 

An important contributor, particularly of political documents and artefacts, to Nottingham Black Archive

 

Home Secretary Theresa May's "Hostile Environment" policy launched

 

Last Jamaican visit with Jill, spring, celebrating sister Bibby's 90th birthday

 

George died at home, aged 87

 

Nottingham Black Archive No tears for me my mother project dedicated to his memory

 

Funeral held at the Baptist Church, Mansfield Road, Nottingham. Buried at Wilford Hill cemetery, Nottingham

 

Obituary by Jill Westby featured in the Guardian 'Other Lives'

 

Graphic novel 'Powe meets Africanus' by Panya Banjoko published

 

First deportation threats under the Windrush scandal

 

Featured in Nottingham Black Archive project 'Journeys to Nottingham'

 

Wendy Williams' "Windrush Lessons Learned Independent Review" report to the Home Office

 

Nominated for 'Windrush Legacy' award initiated by Jamaican High Commission to mark the 70th anniversary of the HMT Windrush

 

Commemorated as one of 500 Jamaicans receiving the 'Windrush Legacy' award

 

"Don't Blame the Blacks" Exhibition, a Nottingham Black Archive project opened at Nottingham Castle; pop-up version displayed at Primary contemporary visual arts organization

 

National Windrush Monument unveiled in London

 

Commemorative blue plaque installed on the 78th anniversary of his enlistment in the RAF, reading:  "Born in Jamaica.  Lived in England from 1948.  Prolific community activist against racisim and inquality."  

In a voluntary capacity he helped thousands of Jamaicans in and around Nottingham to achieve their rights in manners of immigration, visas, divorce, tax returns, debt, child education, and in any other situation where it was clear that racial discrimination stood in the way of employment, education, or social opportunity.  This work became more crucial after the 1971 Immigration Act was passed.  On many occasions these issues reached the Magistrates' Courts and were always successful.

 

georgepowe.net website launched

 

Nottingham City Transport route 45 bus named "George Powe" on 87th anniversary of his birth

 

Successful campaign to reverse discriminatory employment practices at Raleigh featured in the BBC 'Antiques Road Show'

 

Illegal Migration Act 2023 becomes law